Air pollution is the leading environmental cause of premature death worldwide. The World Health Organisation estimates poor air quality contributes directly to about five percent of all deaths globally. In the UK alone, air pollution is a primary cause of many health conditions including heart disease and strokes, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), and respiratory infections. It has also been linked to impaired cognition and mental health disorders.
Air pollution is all around us – often invisible. This toxic air comes from many sources including vehicle engines, construction sites, building materials, household products, manufacturing, agriculture, and the burning of fossil fuels.
These pollutants include particulates, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and gases.